First of all please keep in mind that I am NOT a linguist, I have done no research whatsoever on etymology and language formation, and I do not aim to pull any conclusion regarding the origin of Romanian, Hindi or any other language. Since I’ve been learning Hindi for almost two years now, I thought it would be interesting to gather a list of words the two languages have in common and maybe speculate a bit on possible ties. As you will see, many of them seem to have popped out through Arabic (in India) and Turkish (in Romania) influences. The way thoughts twist and travel are always interesting, if you know of any other common words or curious coincidences, feel free to share them below!
HI: पत्थर [patthara] – RO: piatră – EN meaning: rock (subst)
HI: पर्दा [pardaa] – RO: perdea – EN meaning: curtain (subst)
HI: मुसाफ़िर [musaafir] – musafir – EN meaning: traveler/guest (subst) -> this isn’t exactly a perfect synonym, though the coincidence is pretty awesome, let me expain why: “musaafir” in Hindi/Urdu (and Arabic) means “traveler”. In the Romanian language the same word stands for “guest”, which maybe means that a few centuries ago some people arrived in Eastern Europe calling themselves “musaafir” (travelers) – the people living in Wallachia and Transilvania must have picked up the word and name the newcomers in the same way: musafiri.
HI: जुराबें [juraab] – RO: ciorap – EN meaning: sock/s (the things you wear in your feet).
HI: चाय [caay] – RO: ceai – EN meaning: tea (subst)
HI: तुम/तू [tum/tuu] – RO: tu/voi – EN meaning: you (pron. 2nd pers singular and plural)
HI: दुश्मन [dushman] – RO: duşman – EN meaning: enemy (subst)
HI: ससुर [sasur] – RO: socru – EN meaning: father-in-law (subst) – I recently found out that both Romanians and Indians (especially males) have a broad variety of swear words referring to the father-in-law. I wonder why…
HI: राहत [raahat] – RO: rahat – EN meaning: relief/shit (subst) – yes, the Hindi word for “relief” is the most common Romanian word for “shit”.
HI: विधवा [vidhvaa] – RO: vaduva – EN meaning: widow (subst)
HI: प्याज़ [pyaaz] – RO: praz – EN meaning: onion/leek (subst)
HI: खच्चर [khacca] – RO: catâr – EN meaning: mule (subst)
HI: किराया [kiraayaa] – RO: chirie – EN meaning: rent (subst)
HI: चरवाहा [carvaahaa] – RO: cioban – EN meaning: shepherd (subst)
HI: हलाल [halaal] – RO: halal – EN menaing: in Hindi: Islamic term used to designate anything that is accepted by the Islamic law (subst); in Romanian: bravo! great! very good! (interjection). Note that in most situations it implies an ironic flavor, meant to express a negative, a rather unfortunate outcome.
HI: कमरा [kamraa] – RO: camera – EN meaning: room (subst)
HI: तबियत [tabiyat] – RO: tabiet – EN meaning: health (Hindi) /habit (Romanian) (subst)
HI: तरला [tarla] – RO: tarla – EN meaning: a field area (subst)
HI: साबुन [saabun] – RO: săpun – EN meaning: soap (subst)
HI: पतलून [patloon] – RO: pantalon – EN meaning: pants (subst)
HI: आंख [aankh] – RO: ochi – EN meaning: eye (subst)
HI: नाक [naak] – RO: nas – EN meaning: nose (subst)
HI: ख़बर [khabar] – RO: habar – EN meaning: news, knowledge, information (subst) – note that in Romanian the word is only used in the phrasal verb “a nu avea habar“, meaning: to not know anything, to have no clue.
To be continued….